By John Telgren

The Doctrine of Eternal Security

Although it may be an oversimplification, this doctrine of "eternal security" or "perseverance of the saints" states in a nutshell that once saved, it is impossible for a Christian to fall from grace. Simply put, a Christian cannot be lost once he is saved.

While the scriptures do teach security of the Christian, this doctrine has at times been pushed to the point of absurdity. Is it possible that a person can genuinely be saved, then later in life turn to a life of raping, pillaging, and murdering and still not be lost? Is it enough to simply respond that they were never saved in the first place?

This last passage is perhaps the most explicit. Paul in rebuking the Galatians tells them that they have fallen from grace. They had to have been saved at one point in order to have "fallen from grace". They were running well at first, but now false teachers were drawing them away (Gal. 5:7).

On the other hand, there are passages like this one:

If some can be lost after they are saved, what does this say about God's sovereignty? If some are lost, does this mean God is not all-powerful? If someone is lost, does it mean God was not able to save them? Or is it, as some believe, that God wills some to be saved and others to be lost?

You run into problems when you begin with a doctrine and try to make scripture come in line with it. Like it or not, there are areas of scripture that are gray simply by virtue of the fact that we serve a holy, holy, holy God. In a rationalistic, logical, scientific society, we have a tendency to either forget or overlook some of the mystery of our wonderful God.

Does the Bible teach that God gives humans the ability to make choices? Did God give Adam and Eve the ability to choose to obey or disobey him? Does God inbreed "instinct" into a human in the way he inbreeds this into animals? Are humans robotic slaves of a biological mechanism?

If humans are free to make their own choices, you have to deal with the almost inconceivable notion that humans can and do cause God to suffer! What!? God is vulnerable at the hands of humans?

God was grieved that he had made mankind because their thoughts were consistently wicked (Gen 6:6). God's pain from Israel's unfaithfulness to him is compared to the pain that can be inflicted by an unfaithful spouse (Hos 1-2). At times, God almost seems to be hopelessly in love with a faithless people. How many times has God initiated a "plan B" because of something humans have done? The sin, which began in the garden, led him to purify the earth by flood, and that didn't work (Gen 6-11). God makes a covenant with Abraham, redeems his descendants from Egypt, only for them to turn and worship a golden calf (Exod 32). He was ready to initiate a "plan C" by destroying them and starting all over again with Moses, but Moses manages to change God's mind. In the land of Canaan, Israel becomes so unfaithful that God not only threatens them with bondage in exile, he also states that he will make a "new covenant" with them (Jer 31:31).

Thinking of God in these terms may seem strange, yet this is how he acts when it concerns us. Can a man be satisfied with a wife who loved him, but only because she was brainwashed into it? Or would a man want to have a genuine relationship with a wife who chooses to love him? Why would we think God wants anything less from us? When God "married" his people, he took the risk that they might cheat on him and reject him, which they did. God could have just completely destroyed the earth and started over again. But he doesn't. This is why David remarks in Psalm 8, "what is man, that you are mindful of him?"

So is it possible that God gave humans a free will? Is it possible that in doing this, God makes himself vulnerable? It is possible that this vulnerability led him to do the unthinkable - become a human and be crucified so he could save mankind? Is it possible that even though God went to unfathomable lengths to save mankind that many will still refuse him and be lost anyway? Is it possible that God would go so far as to take a risk by giving humans a free will, knowing that some would refuse him even after initially accepting him, and be lost? Our Bible sure seems to indicate an affirmative.

The Doctrine of Doubt

If once saved always saved, the doctrine that it is impossible for a person to ever be lost again once he is saved is one extreme, there is also another extreme which stems from a misunderstanding of Christian "hope".

Speaking of "hope", when the election fiasco was finally over, I spent some time thinking about some of the themes of Bill Clintonís campaign when he initially ran for office. One of the words he continually used was the word, "hope", which seem to strike a chord with many Americans. People wanted someone to give them "hope" for a better future. Christians hope in something that goes far beyond this life. The word translated "hope" in the New Testament is "elpis". I will talk about the doctrine of the Christian "hope", because it is a common New Testament word with a distinct doctrine.

So Biblical hope cannot be equated with the same sort of hope Mr. Clinton talked about during his campaign. It is not the type of hope that we have at Christmas, "I hope I get a bicycle for Christmas." The Christian hope is much more stronger than that. It is so strong, that faith is sometimes paired with hope in the New Testament.

Faith and hope are nearly synonymous at times. One gives strength to the other. Hope, properly understood, is a sister of joy in the Christian life. If Christians truly understand faith and hope, it will affect the way they live their life.

This will not be a life of indifference. On the contrary, the Bible instructs just the opposite:

So the Bible teaches that true hope breeds holiness and endurance, not license and indifference. As a matter in fact, the one who believes hope is not an expectation of the fulfillment of Godís promises ought to consider what James says in James 1. Here the Bible describes the person who doubts as unstable, doubleminded, and tossed about by waves. If hope is wishy-washy, the Christian life be wishy-washy.

So there are two theological extremes which are both unbiblical. One is the "once-saved, always-saved" doctrine. The other unbiblical extreme is the "once-saved, barely-saved" doctrine. Why are there extreme doctrines? Usually they come about as a "reaction" to another extreme or false doctrine.

We have seen that it is not absolutely impossible to fall away after being saved. At the same time, we have also seen that a Christian can live in confident expectation that he or she is going to be with God in Heaven. So it is imperative that Christians understand true biblical hope so they can live with boldness and confidence and not fall away in despair.